Week 6 – crafting: show and don’t tell, word choice and syntax. Metaphor.

Evidence and demonstrate a number of crafting tools/skills learnt through a series of written exercises and comment on how your work has developed using these crafting skills.

You are invited to reflect on and edit previous work taking into account the core skills for this session.

You should use these skills to craft and re-edit all your work – make this an essential part of your own writing process.

Learning objectives

To explore how a writer chooses words to effect the reader

To explore how a writer arranges a sentences to affect the reader.

To illustrate how words and syntax help put pictures in the reader’s head: tone, voice, character, setting.

To discuss the crafting of current work in progress.

To recognise and develop tools and techniques of writing craft

Illustrate and develop comprehension of explicit and implicit meanings

Discuss and explore how technique can improve writing strategies for all forms: e.g. active vs. passive and strong verbs.

Making sure every words counts: recap synonyms, implicit meanings and show don’t tell.

showing-vs-telling-warm-up-2 Plus Specificity exercise






RECAP ON JOURNALISTIC RESOURCES AND TIPS: Does your journalistic writing adhere to the active not passive rule?



SUMMARY OF ABOVE: Checking and editing your work

Crafting: making sure that the words you have chosen have the intended implicit or explicit meaning; does the word choice suit the tone and characterisation, the audience it is intended for etc.?

Do the sentences work in the same way – does the syntax ensure the reader gets the message. Does the syntax suit tone, genre, characterisation?

Is the theme and tone – plus style and voice – come through?

Take a step back from your writing and look at it from the POV of a reader. Will it have the effect on the reader you wanted.

Do not necessarily change your work for change-sake – but follow the process above and analyse, reflect and evaluate the process; if you keep that word, justify it: implicit meaning, sets a tone, is in character etc.



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